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[council] WHOIS studies requested by GAC

  • To: "Council GNSO" <council@xxxxxxxxxxxxxx>
  • Subject: [council] WHOIS studies requested by GAC
  • From: "Bruce Tonkin" <Bruce.Tonkin@xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx>
  • Date: Wed, 25 Jun 2008 04:08:09 +1000
  • List-id: council@xxxxxxxxxxxxxx
  • Sender: owner-council@xxxxxxxxxxxxxx
  • Thread-index: AcjWJFW4VRSQcB2UQ7SB39jk5nKfuwAANExA
  • Thread-topic: WHOIS studies requested by GAC

Hello All,

For information, here is some information on the WHOIS studies requested by the 

Here is the original document:

Below is a plain text extraction.

Bruce Tonkin


In its Communiqué during the 30th ICANN meeting in Los Angeles, California, the 
GAC issued the following statement:

The GAC reiterates its recommendation outlined in the GAC WHOIS principles that 
a study on uses and misuses of WHOIS data should be undertaken by ICANN and is 
prepared to contribute to the elaboration of the terms of reference of such a 

As a follow-up to the above statement and to the GAC WHOIS Principles, the GAC 
is pleased to submit its recommendations regarding the terms of reference for 
WHOIS studies to the ICANN Board. These recommendations will also be shared 
with the GNSO as a contribution to the GNSO Council's efforts to solicit input 
from the public regarding WHOIS studies.

First and foremost, the GAC believes that studies of WHOIS gTLD data should be 
undertaken by neutral third parties and should create a factual record that 
documents the uses and abuses of WHOIS data recognized by the GAC WHOIS 
Principles. The goal should be to initially compile data that provides a 
documented evidence base regarding:

* the amount and source of traffic accessing WHOIS servers and the types and 
numbers of different groups of users and what those users are using WHOIS data 
for; and

* the types and extent of misuses of WHOIS data and what harm is caused by each 
type of misuse, including economic, use of WHOIS data in SPAM generation, abuse 
of personal data, loss of reputation or identity theft, security costs and loss 
of data.

Once this basic data has been collected and collated, the GAC recommends that a 
further study be directed toward answering the following questions:

1. To what extent are the legitimate uses of gTLD WHOIS data curtailed or 
prevented by use of proxy or privacy registration services?

2. What is the economic impact of restrictions on some or all of the legitimate 
uses of WHOIS?

3. Are technical measures available that could effectively curtail misuse of 
data published on WHOIS databases while preserving legitimate use and open 
access to the databases?

4. Are there methods employed by registrars to detect fraudulent domain name 
registrations? If so, how successful are they and what do they do with that 

5. What is the percentage of domain name registrants who are natural persons 
versus legal persons (or entities)?

6. What is the percentage of domain name registrations that are registered for 
and/or are used for commercial purposes versus those registered for 
non-commercial or personal use? If possible, the data should be broken down by 
geographic (e.g. by continent) locations.

7. What is the historical trend and current percentage of the registrars' and 
their affiliates' proxy and privacy registrations in relation to the total 
number of domain name registrations in gTLDs?

8. What is the percentage of registrars and all affiliates that offer proxy or 
privacy registrations?

9. What are the relative percentages of legal persons and natural persons that 
are gTLD registrants that also utilize proxy or privacy services?

10. What are the relative percentages of domain names used for commercial 
versus non-commercial purposes that are registered using proxy or privacy 

11. What is the percentage of domain names registered using proxy or privacy 
services that have been associated with fraud or other illegal activity versus 
the percentage of domain names not using such services that have been 
associated with fraud or illegal activity?

In view of the recent adoption by ICANN of a procedure for handling conflicts 
with national privacy laws, the GAC also urges ICANN to address the following 
questions in the WHOIS study:

12. Since gTLD registries and registrars conduct business globally, which laws 
in which jurisdiction appropriately apply to their transactions and in 
particular to their WHOIS contractual obligations?

13.  What are the legal jurisdictional issues raised by gTLD registries and 
registrars that adhere to local law applicable to domain name registrations and 
WHOIS requirements, but may then be in contravention to other legal 
jurisdictions where they conduct business?

14. May a gTLD domain name registrant who is a legal resident of one country 
apply for a domain name in another and claim to be under the legal jurisdiction 
of the latter and not the former?

15. How can conflicts of laws be resolved in a global domain name space?

The GAC believes that the compilation and analysis of data in response to the 
above questions will create the necessary factual foundation for further 
discussions on the necessity, scope, and impact of potential modifications to 
policies regarding WHOIS data. The GAC membership also stands ready to 
facilitate access to national sources of expertise, best practices and other 
relevant data.

Yours sincerely

Janis Karklins
Chairman of the Governmental Advisory Committee,
Ambassador of Latvia to France
CC: GNSO Council

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